While early January started with well-above-warm weather across large parts of North America, last week’s weather has been more wintery-like. A Jimenez is almost over, but a new winter storm is brewing on the horizon and will bring a lot of snow across part of the country, from Texas to Maine, mid-this week. A frontal system will also bring new severe weather with the potential for strong winds and a few tornadoes for the deep South and Southeast.
A swath of potentially deep snow will develop from Southern Rockies across the central Plains to mid-Mississippi and Ohio Valley, around the Lakes and farther northeast. Northeast U.S. could see a considerably high amount of snow, as the system is forecast to deepen and could become a Nor’easter winter storm late this week.
Over the weekend, a departing storm Jimenez left a decent amount of snow across the central Plains and Midwest to the Great Lakes. The below satellite image from Sunday reveals a cold front moving into East Coast, extending down to the Gulf Coast.
Fresh snow is observed from Colorado and Kansas to Iowa, Missouri, and further northeast.
Along the West Coast of the U.S., a new wave in the upper levels of the atmosphere is taking shape. It will slide far south into Southwest U.S. and deepen its core into a cold-core low, moving onto the Southern Plains towards Tuesday.
Below is the overview for this week. A new wave emerges across the Southern Rockies, releasing a new winter storm from New Mexico into Texas and Oklahoma on Tuesday. The system then considerably strengthens while moving across the central United States towards the Northeast. Blanketing millions across the country from the Plains to Ohio Valley and Maine on Wednesday and Thursday.
Along and ahead of the winter storm Kassandra, severe weather will spread from eastern Texas across the Lower Mississippi Valley to Southeast U.S. from Tuesday through Wednesday night. Behind the storm, much colder air is expected to plunge from the north later next week, likely extending into the final weekend of January 2023.
Let’s take a detailed view of the potential impacts as the new weather system emerges across the country this week.
Winter Storm develops on Tuesday, strengthens while moving towards Northeast on Wednesday and Thursday
This week’s general weather pattern across the Contiguous U.S. reveals a large wave emerging from the west, developing a deep frontal system across the southern Rockies into the Plains on Tuesday. The low considerably deepens Wednesday as it tracks from Texas and Oklahoma towards the low/mid-Mississippi Valley.
With a powerful jet stream sliding across the Rockies, the upcoming winter storm has a high potential to spread the snow across more than 20 states. While the swath will not be wide, it will continue from New Mexico to Maine.
The deepening upper low results in the surface frontal system over eastern Texas late Tuesday, gradually deepening its central pressure while moving east-northeast Tuesday night. At the same time, the high-pressure system builds up across the west and northwest portions of North America. This results in wind flow turning more northerly across the Plains, delivering cold towards the south and the developing winter storm itself.
At the same time, deep moisture is being dragged from the Gulf of Mexico northward, resulting in widespread rainfall and severe weather across the Gulf Coast Tuesday night. High moisture also transports into the cold side of the new winter storm Kassandra, fueling the heavy snow across parts of the southern Plains.
This frontal system is forecast to produce heavy showers and thunderstorms along the Gulf Coast from Tuesday late afternoon and Wednesday night and Thursday morning. Some thunderstorms are likely to become severe from southeastern Louisiana to southern portions of Mississippi and Alabama and into the western Florida panhandle.
The new winter storm will be tracking a bit farther south than the recent storm Jimenez. With the main impact including parts of Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas. And later on, also farther northeast across the Ohio Valley. Snow will become heavy as a winter storm intensifies in the Southern Plains on Tuesday.
Lubbock, Texas, Oklahoma City, and Tulsa, Oklahoma, are forecast to receive some accumulated snow by late Tuesday. About 5-8 inches will be possible. Over the night to Wednesday, snow will spread from Texas and Oklahoma further east-northeast into the Midwest. This includes major cities St. Louis, Indianapolis, Cleveland, and possibly Chicago.
Depending on how far south the cold will reach, even Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex could see some snowflakes mixing late Tuesday evening. DFW Airport has last time seen snow last February, while the average is about 1.5 inches per year.
The system will continue moving northeast late Wednesday into Thursday, potentially becoming a deep surface low over the Northeast U.S. It may become the next Nor’Easter storm on Thursday into Friday. With heavy snow and blizzard increasingly likely to develop.
New Winter Storm will bring deep snow from Texas to Northeast U.S.
The amounts of snow strongly depend on where the surface frontal system and the core of the winter storm develop. Weather models are quite a good agreement that a swath of heavy snow will extend from the Texas Panhandle and Oklahoma to the interior Northeast.
Some new snow is also forecast across the eastern slopes of the northern Rockies, central Montana, and Wyoming as winds will drag the high moisture into the mountains.
Where exactly will the highest accumulation develop is hard to predict until the winter storm forms. Still, considerable snow is forecast from the Panhandles across central Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and southern Missouri.
Snowfall will begin Tuesday afternoon, and some areas could receive up to 8-10 inches of snow by Wednesday morning.
As the system tracks towards the Ohio Valley, a strong jet stream aloft could significantly impact the snow amounts for the region. On the average model track, the most likely path of Kassandra will be from South Texas and Louisiana towards northeast into Pennsylvania by Wednesday night.
This will bring major cities into the impact of heavy snow, including St. Louis, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, and later on, Buffalo, NY. The forecast amount of snow varies from 5-10 inches along the swath of this winter storm.
Farther northeast, the heaviest and most abundant snow will likely develop across northern New York and New England on Thursday. The system will likely dump wind-driven snow in the interior Northeast. Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine will be blasted by heavy snow and blizzard conditions. They are resulting in potentially more than 20 inches of snow by late Thursday. Travel delays are expected.
Boston is also likely to see snow, although the potential storm track is forecast to pass the city a bit farther north.
New York City and Philadelphia will also stay out of the snow again.
Cold Front forecast to bring more severe weather with tornadoes across the Southeast U.S.
Associated with deep wave aloft, a strong jet stream will also overspread the southern U.S., thus creating a supportive environment for severe thunderstorms from eastern Texas across the lower Mississippi Valley to Alabama and northern Florida.
Storms will begin across eastern Texas on Tuesday afternoon as the winter storm farther north strengthens. The vigorous jet stream winds and high moisture transporting from the Gulf of Mexico should develop severe thunderstorms.
Far eastern Texas to south-central Louisiana will be in the main swath of the most intense storms. Those could bring heavy rain, severe winds, and possibly tornadoes.
With deepening surface low and a strengthening winter storm towards the Ohio Valley on Wednesday, the main cold front of the system will extend from North Carolina across Alabama and Georgia to the eastern Gulf Coast Wednesday afternoon.
Thunderstorms, including severe storms, are likely to re-develop again and rapidly spread from west to east across Alabama and Florida Panhandle to Georgia into the Wednesday evening hours.
With the storm departing farther northeast Wednesday night, thunderstorm activity will gradually diminish towards Thursday morning.
Widespread Cold for the South in the wake of the frontal system on Thursday into Friday
The developing High on the west and the frontal system across the central and eastern portions of the United States will drag much colder air for the south on Thursday. Temperatures are forecast to be around 20 °F lower than normal for late January.
Expect Thursday and Friday to be cold for the southern states, from New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Arkansas into Texas and the lower Mississippi Valley.
Southeast states will also be much colder than recently, but the cold will not be long-lasting.
Temperatures will be gradually warming up again into the weekend as conditions improve, and the effect of the Winter storm will diminish once it ejects the Northeast U.S. Friday night.
Stay tuned as we will continue covering the most extreme weather events that have the potential to impact many around the planet.
A strong Stratospheric Warming event is about to start, impacting the Polar Vortex as we head into the final month of the Season
A Nor'easter is a storm along the East Coast of North America, so called because the winds over the coastal area are typically from the northeast.
How are blizzards forecasted or detected? Satellite images are used for determining cloud patterns as well as movement of winter storms. By looping multiple satellite images together, forecasters can see a storm's development and potential progression.What is a long lasting snowstorm with very strong winds and intense snowfall? ›
What Is a Blizzard? The National Weather Service defines a blizzard as a storm with large amounts of snow or blowing snow, winds greater than 35 mph (56 kph), and visibility of less than ¼ mile (0.4 km) for at least three hours. Some blizzards, called ground blizzards, have no falling snow.What is the most famous winter storm in US history? ›
Few storms are as iconic as the “Blizzard of '88”. It was the deadliest, snowiest, and most unusual winter storm in American annals. No storm of similar magnitude has occurred anywhere in the contiguous United States since.What does El Nino mean for Northeast winter? ›
El Niño causes the Pacific jet stream to move south and spread further east. During winter, this leads to wetter conditions than usual in the Southern U.S. and warmer and drier conditions in the North.Why does the Northeast get so much snow? ›
Scientists say the recent decadal surge of Northeast winter storms is probably tied to climate change. One study found a strong relationship between episodes of Arctic warming and severe winter weather events in the Northeast.What are three 3 methods of predicting weather? ›
The methods include persistence, climatologic, looking at the sky, use of barometer, nowcasting, use of forecasting models, analogue and ensemble forecasting.How can you predict when a storm is coming? ›
Satellites are critical in short-term forecasting. Satellite images can give an early indication of a developing thunderstorm by showing where cumulus clouds are forming. Cumulus clouds grow rapidly into cumulonimbus clouds if conditions are right, and you can track their growth using satellite images.How do we predict a coming storm explain your answer? ›
To create these forecasts, meteorologists combine observations from atmospheric sensors, weather balloons, radar, satellites and aircraft monitoring with complex computer models to predict when a storm will form, where it will strike and how severe it will be.What is another name for a severe winter storm? ›
Blizzards are dangerous winter storms that are a combination of blowing snow and wind resulting in very low visibilities.
Blizzards are snowstorms with high winds, and lake effect storms are snowstorms that form near the Great Lakes.What is heavy snowfall called? ›
When large amounts of snow fall, then the event is colloquially referred to as a snowstorm, though the term “large” is not officially defined. A snowstorm that lasts for three or more hours with sustained wind speeds of at least 35 mph and visibilities less than a quarter-mile is called a blizzard.What is the largest snowfall ever recorded? ›
An amazing 1,140 inches (95 feet) was recorded at Mount Baker Ski Area (4,200 feet elevation) in Washington during the July 1, 1998, to June 30, 1999, snow season.What is the world record for deepest snow? ›
The reigning world record holder is still on Mt. Ibuki in the Shiga Prefecture in Japan. On Feb. 14th, 1927, a measurement of just over 465 inches (38.75ft) was recorded.Does El Niño mean more snow northeast? ›
A powerful subtropical jet stream, typical in strong El Niño seasons, would interact with the cold air, perhaps coupling with the nosediving polar jet, making East Coast snowstorms more possible.Does La Niña mean more snow in the northeast? ›
La Niña winter seasons tend to be snowier than average from the Pacific Northwest and northern Rockies to the Great Lakes, upstate New York and northern New England. They tend to be less snowy than average in the Southwest, southern Rockies and southern High Plains.What does La Niña mean for the Northeast? ›
In the northeastern United States, where cold and snowy winters are the norm, La Niña causes even more cold and snow to descend, making for extremely brutal winters. In the Pacific Northwest, La Niña causes things to be even wetter than usual, while arid Southwestern states often see drier than normal conditions.What is the snowiest place in north America? ›
The outright snowiest place in America is Crater Lake National Park in Oregon's Cascade Mountains, where an average winter brings 463.1 inches of snow. These are the seven snowiest cities in the U.S. based on the most recent 30-year climatological averages (1991-2020).What is the snowiest city in north America? ›
Snow bands off this Great Lake vault its average seasonal snowfall to more than 100 inches. HOW DO WINTER STORMS FORM? Syracuse takes home the crown as the snowiest city in America, averaging 127.8 inches each winter.What is the snowiest month in the Northeast? ›
A major snowstorm can happen during any month of the winter season, but in the northeastern United States, they tend to happen most often in February. In fact, February is the snowiest month of the year, on average, for most places across the region.
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Weather data tells a story about the state of the atmosphere in a particular location over a specific period of time by measuring several different parameters, including temperature, air quality, wind speed, and precipitation level.What are 3 signs that a storm is coming? ›
Before a Thunderstorm
Darkening sky and clouds. Abrupt changes in wind direction. Sudden drop in temperature. Drop in atmospheric pressure.
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Natural Disasters: Fact or Fiction? Once strong thunderstorms begin to form, local offices of the National Weather Service monitor their development using imagery from satellite sensors and, most important, from radars. These allow forecasters to follow the evolution of the storms and to estimate their intensity.How accurate are storm predictions? ›
The Short Answer: A seven-day forecast can accurately predict the weather about 80 percent of the time and a five-day forecast can accurately predict the weather approximately 90 percent of the time. However, a 10-day—or longer—forecast is only right about half the time.What is used to predict approaching storms and automatically issue warnings? ›
Doppler radar detects all types of precipitation, the rotation of thunderstorm clouds, airborne tornado debris, and wind strength and direction.
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A blizzard is a large winter storm, characterized by heavy snowfall and accompanied by high winds.When was the worst blizzard in history? ›
The winter of 1880–1881 is widely considered the most severe winter ever known in many parts of the United States. The initial blizzard in October of 1880 brought snowfalls so deep that two-story homes experienced accumulations, as opposed to drifts, up to their second floor windows.
What is a Blizzard? A blizzard is a form of an extreme snowstorm. Blizzards occur when the temperature drops really low, there are strong winds, and a lot of snow blowing around. In order for a blizzard to take place, a high-pressure system must come into contact with a low-pressure system.What causes heavy snow? ›
For heavier snowfall, the atmosphere needs to continously bring moisture into the clouds so that snow continues to be produced and fall to the ground. The more effectively the atmosphere is able to bring moisture to the clouds, the heavier the snow may be.Is 3 inches of snow a lot? ›
It depends on where you live. If you live in a warmer climate and do not receive much snow, then yes 3 inches is a lot of snow. If you live in a colder climate and receive a lot of snow then you would probably think 3 inches of snow is not a lot.Do snow showers stick? ›
Officially, the National Weather Bureau says that a snow shower is steady but light snow that comes and goes in intervals.Has it ever snowed in LA? ›
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Has it ever snowed in Los Angeles? Yes, snow has fallen in Los Angeles. In fact, it's not that uncommon.
With a wind speed of 185 mph at landfall, the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 is the strongest hurricane ever to hit the United States. It was also the first recorded Category 5 storm in the country's history. As its name suggests, it hit on Labor Day in 1935, which fell on Sept. 2 that year.What is the strongest storm in the world? ›
The JTWC's unofficial estimate of one-minute sustained winds of 305 km/h (190 mph) would, by that measure, make Haiyan the most powerful storm ever recorded to strike land. This record was later broken by Typhoon Goni in 2020.Has there ever been black snow? ›
It sounds like something out of post-apocalyptic fiction, but the dark snow falling on land ranging from the Arctic to the Himalayas is quite real. The black material found in the snow is comprised of dust and soot. It's called cryoconite, and it's largely the product of forest fires and man-made global warming.Does it ever snow in Hawaii? ›
The answer is "yes". It snows here every year, but only at the very summits of our 3 tallest volcanoes (Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea and Haleakala).What is the thickest snow ever? ›
Sierra Nevada Snow
in the Sierra Nevada Mountains holds the United States record for greatest snow depth ever measured. A maximum snow depth of 451 inches, or 37.5 feet, was recorded on March 11, 1911.
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The Northeast is affected by winter coastal storms each year and occasionally by tropical storms and hurricanes. Coastal habitats and species are vulnerable to storm impacts, particularly erosion and flooding due to storm surge and heavy precipitation.What is a winter storm called? ›
Blizzards are dangerous winter storms that are a combination of blowing snow and wind resulting in very low visibilities. While heavy snowfalls and severe cold often accompany blizzards, they are not required. Sometimes strong winds pick up snow that has already fallen, creating a ground blizzard.How long does it take for a snowflake to reach the ground? ›
The speed of snow
Snowflakes which collect supercooled water as they fall can fall at up to 9 mph, but snowflakes, as most people recognise them, will tend to float down at around 1.5 mph taking about an hour to reach the ground.
Northeastern United States
It is home to famous hospitals, sports venues, colleges, and past presidents. The Northeastern United States is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
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Climate change is affecting agricultural production in the Northeast. Heavy precipitation events can damage crops and wetter springs may delay planting, resulting in later harvest and reduced yields. Longer, drier summers may reduce water availability and increase plant heat stress, also reducing yields.How will the Northeast be affected by climate change? ›
The Northeast is projected to experience an increase in the average annual temperature (°F) for 2041 to 2070 compared to 1971 to 1999 under a high emissions scenario. and streams, which degrades water quality. These effects, combined with higher water temperatures, may threaten ecosystem health and fisheries.How does the climate of the Northeast affect the people? ›
Milder winters and earlier springs in the region are altering ecosystems and environments in ways that adversely impact tourism, farming, and forestry. The region's rural industries and livelihoods are at risk as less distinct seasons lead to further changes to forests, wildlife, snowpack, and streamflow.
A snowstorm is a very heavy fall of snow, usually when there is also a strong wind blowing at the same time.