BTN Classroom Episode 24 (2022)

BTN Transcript: Episode 24- 23/8/2022

Hey, what's up, I'm Amelia Moseley and you're watching BTN. Thanks for hanging out with me again, let's see what's coming up in today's show. We find out what the past year has been like for people in Afghanistan, meet a young Indigenous artist who's helping kids read in their own language and learn why La Nina could mean more wet weather in Australia.

Government Ministers

Reporter: Jack Evans

INTRO: But first today to a big story which happened last week involving this guy. Yep, you'd know him as former Prime Minister, Scott Morrison. But it turns out during the pandemic he also secretly appointed himself the minister of some other departments and that's caused quite a bit of controversy. Here's Jack to tell you what happened and what it means to be a minister.

LEADER: Alright, everyone. Well, thank you for meeting today. Now, before we get started let's do a quick roll call, alright. Have we got the Minister for Health and Aged Care?

MINISTER 1: Oh, here.

LEADER: The Minister for Finance?

MINISTER 2: Yes, I'm here.

When it comes to running a country, like Australia, you could say it's a team effort.

LEADER: Minister for Communications?

MINISTER 3: One second, um, I'm on the phone.

That team is known as the cabinet. But unlike this cabinet, which is made up of me in a silly disguise, the cabinet of Australia is made up of groups of politicians within the federal government. They're known as ministers.

LEADER: Minister for Environment and Water?

MINISTER 4: Present.

Like all the other people in here and here, ministers are voted in by the public. But once everyone's elected the Prime Minister decides who they're going to put in charge of different departments or ministries or portfolios, as they're sometimes called. And there are dozens of them, some of which you've probably heard of before.

LEADER: Minister for Defence?

MINISTER 5: What, who said that?

It's the job of a minister to know all about their portfolio, to find potential problems and figure out how to fix them. They help to prepare new laws that relate to their department and with their fellow ministers help to make decisions on how the country should be run.

(Video) BTN Classroom - 2022/03/15

LEADER: Alright, we've got the Minister for Employment Workplace Relations.

MINISTER 6: *coughs*

LEADER: Oh, sorry, and also the Minister for Arts, kudos to you.

MINISTER 6: Who me? Yes, I'm here. Wearing both my hats.

MINISTER 7: Oh please, talk to me when you're wearing three.

Oh yeah, it's not unusual for someone to be in charge of more than one department. But recently to the surprise of many Aussies, including our current Prime Minster, Anthony Albanese, we found out that our former Prime Minister, Scott Morrison, had secretly assigned himself as co-minister of several different departments during his term of government.

LEADER: And lastly, but certainly not least, the Minister of Many Mystery Secret Ministries that no one has been told about. Wait a second, that's me.

As it turns out, Mr Morrison had appointed himself as minister for Health, Finance, Home Affairs, as well as Treasury and Resources. Which he had kept secret from the public, even some of the ministers of those departments didn't know. Mr Morrison says that he took on the roles as a "safe guard" during the pandemic in case the minsters couldn't do their job.

SCOTT MORRISON, FORMER PRIME MINISTER: Thankfully, the extreme circumstances in which I'd established these powers to act in, thankfully did not arise. I apologise for any concern this has caused about those issues and I understand that concern and that's why I'm standing here today.

Mr Morrison has copped a fair amount of criticism because this has never been done before and many say it's not how the Australian government should work. They reckon a single person shouldn't have that much power, even if they are prime minister, and that he should have been honest about the whole thing.

ANTHONY ALBANESE, PRIME MINISTER: This isn't some local footy club. This is the government of Australia where the people of Australia were kept in the dark.

HELEN HAINES, INDEPENDENT MP: It's the secrecy that is astonishing, and really, we must get an explanation.

Some have called for Mr Morrison to resign, but others reckon he shouldn't. Meanwhile the PM has started an investigation into what happened to get to the bottom of this ministerial muddle.

LEADER: Wait a second, all of the ministers in here are just me. You and you and you and, well, you I've never met.

GLADYS: Jack it's me, Gladys.

LEADER: Who? Do you know them?

News Quiz

Which extinct Aussie animal does a team of scientists want to bring back from the dead? It's the thylacine AKA Tasmanian tiger. The last one died in captivity in 1936 but now a Texas-based bioengineering company has joined forces with the University of Melbourne to try to bring them back in the next 10 years.

ANDREW PASK, TIGRR LAB: A timeframe like a decade is really reasonable to think that we should be well on our way to having that first thylacine brought back.

(Video) BTN Classroom - 2022-02-22

They'll use gene editing techniques to turn dunnart DNA into thylacine DNA then, hopefully, using IVF they'll impregnate a dunnart with a baby tiger. Wow.

What's the lowest temperature shops and public buildings in Spain are allowed to set their air conditioners to right now? Is it 18 degrees, 20 degrees or 27 degrees? 27 is the lowest they can go. It's because of a new law designed to conserve energy. Gas is in short supply around Europe because of restrictions on Russian gas which were brought in because of the war in Ukraine. But it hasn't gone over too well with some Spanish people who are sweating through a heatwave.

SPANISH PERSON 1: It's crazy, I'm sorry, but it's very crazy.

SPANISH PERSON 2: Yeah, I don't think that is good enough, 27 degrees.

NASA has rolled out its giant SLS rocket which will be used in its upcoming mission to the Moon. Do you know the name of that mission? Is it Apollo, Artemis or Aquarius? It's Artemis. The SLS, or Space Launch System, is the most powerful rocket ever built and on August 29th it will blast off on its first unmanned flight.

Afghanistan Anniversary

Reporter: Amal Wehbe

INTRO: Now let's head over to Afghanistan. It's been one year since the country was taken over by the Taliban and it's had a big impact on a lot of people's lives. Amal found out what's changed and how some young Afghan people are being affected.

Life for the Sherani's is pretty similar to many Aussie kids. They love hanging out together, going to school, oh, and Noor's a pretty good singer.

NOOR: I don't look like her, maybe she's a magazine.

Nice. But 8 months ago, their life was turned upside down when they had to leave their home country Afghanistan. This is Afghanistan a year ago, when it was taken over by the Taliban, an extremist Islamic group. The Taliban promised to bring security and peace to the country. But for a lot of people, it was a scary time.

QAMARIA: It was a dark day.

HAMEED: It was as if we have lost a lot of the hopes.

You see the Taliban has ruled Afghanistan before. They first took power back in 1996 and enforced strict rules based on their extreme interpretations of Islamic law. Women were banned from most jobs and weren't allowed to leave the house without a man. They also had to wear burqas, a one piece veil that covers the face and body. And girls weren't allowed to go to school after the age of 8.

In 2001, the US and its allies invaded Afghanistan and defeated the Taliban. And the country began to change. There were elections, girls got to go to school, and university and women worked in all sorts of jobs. But when the US military left last year, the Taliban quickly took over again. Many Afghan people, like the Sherani family decided to leave the country. But their adopted brother Nasrullah couldn't get a visa and had to stay behind.

MINNA: I miss my brother so much.

For people who stayed in Afghanistan, a lot has changed. While some feel safer under the Taliban, the group's been accused of mistreating people who don't agree with them. The economy's also facing big problems. And many countries and organisations have stopped giving aid money to Afghanistan to show they don't support the Taliban.

AFGHAN WOMAN: Everything has become more expensive, and I feel like I'm suffocating.

Women and girls have lost many of their freedoms. At the moment, girls aren't allowed to go to high school. Although that hasn't stopped everyone. These girls are going to a secret school, set up in their teacher's home.

(Video) Science Week Special - Behind the News

AFGHAN STUDENT: Every Afghan girl needs an education, it's the only way to develop our country

Many in Afghanistan and around the world are calling for changes, and hoping things get better. As for the Sherani family, their biggest wish is to be reunited with Nasrullah, who's amongst the hundreds of thousands of Afghans who've applied to come to Australia.

QAMARIA: We are waiting for him here. And he's waiting for us there.

Meanwhile, the girls are making the most of their new life and schooling in Australia.

ZALA: I'm very happy here because there was Taliban and no girls allowed to go to school after sixth grade, and here you're free whenever you want to go.

And they're looking forward to a future where they can be whatever they want to be.

ZALA: Doctor.

MINNA: Scientist.

MALALA: I don't know.

NOOR: Firefighter and singer.

AYNUR: Good.

La Nina

Reporter: Cale Matthews

INTRO: Now it's time to talk about the weather. Yep. It's been a wet year, to put it mildly, and now the Bureau of Meteorology says we could be in for another season of floods and heavy rain thanks to a weather phenomenon known as La Nina. Cale found out what that means and why it's not just a problem for Australia.

For some of us Aussies, this year has felt like the same rainy day over and over again. Meanwhile on the other side of the planet I wouldn't be surprised if some people had forgotten what rain looks like. Two parts of the planet, one going through a devastating drought, the other massive floods and it's all got to do with the ocean between them. I'm talking about a weather pattern known as ENSO or El Nino Southern Oscillation. The name comes from South American fishermen who first noticed that unusually warm water would sometimes arrive off the east coast of South America around Christmas time. They named it El Nino meaning the Christ Child or Little Boy.

You see, usually winds blow steadily across the Pacific Ocean. Around December, warm water starts to pool around Papua New Guinea. The warm air rises, then condenses and creates rainfall around our neck of the woods. In an El Nino phase those winds weaken and sometimes even reverse. It means there's a massive pool of warm water close to the Americas which means lots of rain for them and periods of drought for us. Then there's La Nina. That's where the east to west winds go into overdrive. Cold water piles up in the central and east, while a massive pool of warm water forms in the Western Pacific, like a natural jacuzzi, which brings us lots and lots of rain, and it's what's happening right now.

The Bureau of Meteorology here in Australia says that there's a really good chance that La Nina will be back for the third year in a row, which means more rain for the already saturated east coast. Meanwhile this means the opposite for parts of the United States and South America. They're already going through their worst drought in more than 1,000 years and there have been some massive wildfires

On the other side of the world, across the horn of Africa, there's a similar thing happening. They haven't had much rain for the last 5 wet seasons which has led to big food and water shortages. This drought is also to do with the winds and water temperatures but this time it's in the Indian Ocean. It's called a negative Indian Ocean Dipole, which means there's lots of warm water and rain over here and cold water and drought over here.

The Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO are natural parts of the weather, but most experts agree that these events and the effects of them are becoming more extreme due to climate change. Right now, we're locked into this La Nina event for a little while because, well, the ocean is pretty slow to change and that might mean more wild, wet and woolly weather ahead.

(Video) YouTube Prank Gone Wrong: Stokes Twins Guilty and Australia's Junk Food Problem

Pitjantjatjara Book

Reporter: Amal Wehbe

INTRO: This week is Book Week which you probably know is a celebration of all things bookish like reading and writing and illustrating and in this next story we're going to meet 17-year-old Kellis, who's created some beautiful pictures for a book which is helping little kids to read in Pitjantjatjara. Check it out.

Hi BTN, my name is Kellis Dare. I'm 17 years old and I live in Pukatja in the APY lands, and I illustrated this book. The book was published by the Department of Education for Aboriginal kids that speak Pitjantjatjara. In the book, there is Pitjantjatjara sounds so the little ones can understand the book. I got involved on the project through a person that works in the education department. He called my teacher and then called my art teacher and then my teacher told me if I wanted to illustrate a book.

This is kangaroo, malo. What I like about this drawing is before the editors they wanted to see how my drawings were. So, we sent them a dog and they liked it and then when I was doing the kangaroo, I couldn't do the head properly. And then my art teacher came to me and was like oh we can do it a cheeky way. So, she came up to me she cut the head off of the dog and put it on the kangaroo, but you can't tell now.

The second photo I like is the anumara. The caterpillar. Me and my nieces and nephews will collect a lot of these caterpillars and they'll put them in front of them and make them race and whoever won had to give the other one a little lolly or something.

The project took me nine months to finish. And the hardest part about this was when the editors kept telling me to make the lines thicker, or to make the make the design look a bit different. And it really made me a bit angry because I had to do it all over again. The best part about this illustration was that one day, my teacher just said to me, no more, no more, no more drawing for you. And also seeing the book, made me really happy.

I feel very happy and proud about the book. It just makes me really happy to see all the kids reading, smiling, pointing, coming up to me asking me if I did it. And also seeing a lot of kids smiling at a book that has a lot of animals that they see when they go out to places.

My hopes are, I would like to see a lot of kids from different communities not only from APY lands but from all over Australia to learn our languages. It is important for Pitjantjatjara kids to have a book in their language because we don't want any of the kids to feel left out. So, when my teacher asked me if I wanted to do a book, I felt happy. And I felt nervous, but then I thought it would be nice to have a book in Pitjantjatjara for a lot of kids.

Did You Know?

Did you know there are more than 250 Indigenous languages spoken in Australia and 800 different dialects.

Sport

The AFL home and away season has come to a pretty dramatic end. The 2021 Premiers smashed Brisbane by 58 points securing a double chance in the final's series. The Western Bulldogs kept their finals hopes alive beating Hawthorn and stealing that precious eighth spot. Meanwhile, Collingwood met Carlton for a high stakes game. A win for the Blues would end a 9 year finals drought and they were up at the start of the last quarter. But, in the last five minutes, Beau McCreary did this and Jamie Elliot sealed the deal. Finals kick off next Thursday night when Brisbane play Richmond at the Gabba.

NRL finals are also on the horizon. The Raiders are still in the race after pulling off an incredible comeback against Newcastle. They were down 22 to 8 at half time, but then scored 20 points in the second half to take out the win. And the Sydney Roosters made history with the biggest score line for a rugby league game at the SCG, thumping the West Tigers 72 to 6, and securing 6th place on the ladder.

Australia's future baseball stars took some big swings in the US where the little league world series is underway. The Queensland team qualified to represent Australia, sadly they were eliminated after losing to Canada and the Euro-Africa, but they made some fans, and not just for their playing style.

Young Goat Farmer

Reporter: Jack Evans

INTRO: Finally, today, lots of kids find ways to earn pocket money by doing chores or maybe even setting up a business and 11-year old Pearl has been doing just that but in her own unique way. She's making money by running a goat farm. I'll let her tell you all about it.

PEARL: Hi, my name is Pearl. I'm 11. I breed pygmy goats. Originally when I was, I think I was nine, I wanted some goats and then instead of normal goats, we got pygmy goats. They're very funny and they're small, which makes them quite cute. They're a bit friendlier than other goats because they've been kept in captivity and domesticated for quite a while. I like their small size because it makes them a bit easier to look after and they take up less room and if they head butt you, they can't really knock you over so much. So, I decided I wanted to start breeding them.

We've had babies being born. So, right here I have Kyra. She has a twin sister; I think she's over in the paddock. We've also had Salt who's from a different mother. They're going very well. Bit sleepy at the moment. But they just started eating food recently, so that's exciting. They like food a lot which you can probably tell. It was quite hard to find some does, females, because a lot of them are related to my buck and you can breed a buck's child with him once, but you can't breed that child with him again, because then it's classified as inbreeding and then you can get strange things that happen, and the goats sometimes die. So yeah, I was trying to get some that were unrelated which was quite difficult

I feel like sometimes people don't think that I'm actually a serious buyer because I'm young. But I think some people have been nicer to me because I'm younger, which is good. I think I will continue breeding them when I'm older, but I don't think it's, I think it's gonna be more of like a hobby, well, not a hobby, but I think I'll have a different job as well as breeding goats.

Closer

Great work Pearl. Well, that's it for this week. But don't worry, we'll be back before you know it and if you miss us in the meantime, you can jump online to check out some stories and quizzes and specials and there are resources up there for your teachers, so make sure you let them know. Newsbreak will also be right here in the studio every weekday to keep you up to date with the latest news. Have a lovely week, I'm going to go and finish my book, and I'll see you soon. Bye.

(Video) What was the first Video Game? - Behind the News

Videos

1. 24 To Do App Flask frame work , sqlite3 database, html5, bootstrap
(Gurupreeth Singh)
2. Science Week 2022, Glass - Behind the News
(Behind the News)
3. 2021 Behind the News Finale!
(Behind the News)
4. The UK's Plan To Ditch The Metric System
(Behind the News)
5. What is Roblox & Why is it Popular? The Video Game Worth Billions of Dollars | Roblox News
(Behind the News)
6. What is a Virus? - Behind the News
(Behind the News)

Top Articles

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Edwin Metz

Last Updated: 07/24/2022

Views: 5461

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (78 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Edwin Metz

Birthday: 1997-04-16

Address: 51593 Leanne Light, Kuphalmouth, DE 50012-5183

Phone: +639107620957

Job: Corporate Banking Technician

Hobby: Reading, scrapbook, role-playing games, Fishing, Fishing, Scuba diving, Beekeeping

Introduction: My name is Edwin Metz, I am a fair, energetic, helpful, brave, outstanding, nice, helpful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.