Meteorology Chapter 5 Questions - Term Paper (2022)

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Chapter 5, Review Questions
________________________________________________________________________

1. How does Dalton’s law apply to the atmosphere?

2. Provide a definition of air pressure that applies to Earth’s surface and any altitude within the atmosphere.

3. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of mercury barometer versus an aneroid barometer.

4. Explain how air pressure tendency can be a useful indicator of future weather.

5. Air is a compressible mixture of gases. How does this property of air affect the rate at which air pressure decreases with increasing altitude?

6. How does a change in temperature affect air density? How does a change in humidity affect air density?

7. Why does a cold, dry air mass exert a greater surface air pressure than an equally cold but more humid air mass?

8. Why are air pressure readings adjusted to what they would be if the weather station were actually located at sea level?

9. Distinguish between Charles’ law and Boyle’s law.

10. Why is the dry adiabatic lapse rate greater than the moist adiabatic lapse rate?

Chapter 5, Critical Thinking Questions

(Video) GEO212 - Meteorology - Chapter 5

________________________________________________________________________

1. Is there some altitude which clearly marks the top of the atmosphere? Explain your response.

2. On televised weathercasts, air pressure is often reported in units of length (inches) rather than units of pressure (millibars). Explain why.

3. On a particularly warm and humid evening, a sportscaster comments that baseballs hit to the outfield “will not carry far in this heavy air.” How valid is the sportscaster’s observation?

4. If water is used in place of mercury in a class-tube barometer, what is the required height of the tube? The density of mercury (Hg) is 13.6 g/cm3 and the density of water is 1.0 g/cm3.

5. At Minneapolis, MN, the air pressure typically drops more rapidly with altitude on a cold day in January than on a warm day in July. Explain the difference.

6. The tropopause is higher over the tropics than over middle latitudes. Explain why.

7. A jet aircraft is cruising at the 600-mb level, that is, at the altitude where the air pressure is 600 mb. What fraction of the atmosphere’s mass is below the aircraft?

8. An unsaturated air parcel has an initial temperature of 15°C. If the parcel is lifted 1500 m and remains unsaturated, what is its new temperature?

9. What is an adiabatic process? Do adiabatic processes occur in the atmosphere? If so, provide an example.

10. Why do temperature changes accompany the vertical (up and down) motions of air parcels?

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