Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (2022)

From natural science to social science, from risks to solutions, from identifying Planetary Boundaries to managing Global Commons: The Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) is advancing the frontier of integrated research for global sustainability, and for a safe and just climate future. A member of the Leibniz Association, the institute is based in Potsdam, Brandenburg and connected with the global scientific community. Drawing on excellent research, PIK provides relevant scientific advice for policy decision-making. The institute’s international staff of about 400 is led by a committed interdisciplinary team of Directors. This is science – for a safe tomorrow.

News

Press Release Living in timber cities could avoid emissions – without using farmland for wood production Read more Press Release Extreme wildfires in Mediterranean countries provide lessons for climate-impacted Europe: Project FirEUrisk Read more News Experts to discuss 'tipping points' alliance: register now Read more Press Release Less rain in the forest: Amazon even more vulnerable than previously thought Read more Press Release Considering catastrophe: high-impact, low-probability climate scenarios "dangerously underexplored" Read more News Climate Change in Southern Tanzania and Zanzibar Read more News Climate Science and Archaelogy: Fall of Mayan metropolis related to drought Read more Press Release Increase in heatwaves in western Europe linked to changes in the jet stream Read more Press Release "For a secure climate future": High-ranking guests at 30 years celebration of Potsdam Institute Read more

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Numbers

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (10)

99% industry

Almost all of industry energy needs in Europe can be satisfied with clean power by 2050. Replacing fossil fuels with low-CO2 electricity is key to stabilize our climate. 78% of industry’s energy demand is electrifiable with technologies that are already established, Potsdam researchers showed, while 99% can be achieved with the addition of technologies currently under development. However, industry electrification leads to greenhouse gas emissions reductions only if power generation gets greener.If we do this, in line with the European Green Deal’s targets, energy-related industry emissions would become minimal by mid-century, leaving only process emissions from chemical reactions and the like which account for around one fifth of current industry emissions.

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (11)

3 Million Years

Ocean floor deposits and model calculations have confirmed that in the past 3 million years, the global mean temperature has never been more than two degrees above pre-industrial levels, with fluctuating CO2 levels in the atmosphere. Since the beginning of industrialization, more CO2 has accumulated in the atmosphere through the burning of coal, oil and gas than probably ever before in the past 3 million years. Thus, in our current century, there is real threat that without effective climate policy the 2-degree limit of global warming will be breached for the first time – with far-reaching consequences.

(Video) Johan Rockström, Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (12)

10 days = -1% growth

Economic growth goes down when the number of wet days and days with extreme rainfall go up. PIK researchers found that statistically 10 more wet days in a year reduce economic growth of a region by 1%. Rich countries are most severely affected, especially the manufacturing and service sectors. The data analysis of more than 1.500 regions over the past 40 years shows a clear connection and suggests that a rising number of daily rainfall extremes, caused by human-made climate change, will harm the global economy.

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (13)

+1°C = -5% growth

Day-to-day variations in temperature, i.e. short-term variability, has a substantial impact on macroeconomic growth, according to an article by Maximilian Kotz et al, published in Nature Climate Change. If this variability increases by one degree Celsius, economic growth is reduced on average by 5 percentage-points. Particularly affected are economies in low-income regions of the global South, where seasonal temperature differences can be as small as 3°C and farmers and small business owners have not yet cultivated resilience against temperature variability. This is in contrast to Economies in Canada or Russia, where average monthly temperature varies by more than 40°C within a year and economic actors seem better prepared to cope with daily temperature fluctuations than in low-latitude regions

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (14)

11 proxy data series

Never before in over 1000 years the Gulf Stream System (also known as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation AMOC), has been as weak as in the last decades. PIK researchers have determined evidence of the AMOC weakening with the help of 11 proxy data series (information gathered by so called climate archives like ocean sediments, corals etc): They have compiled 11 independent data series from the North Atlantic, almost all of them from deep-sea sediment cores. They all provide a consistent picture about the flow characteristics of the Gulf Stream System and its weakening in the past 70 years. The slowdown is likely related to man-made climate change.

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (15)

100 coronaviruses

Over the past century, global greenhouse gas emissions have led to a sharp increase in the number of bat species in the southern Chinese Yunnan province. Bats in this area have been suggested as the original carriers of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19. Scientists from Cambridge, Potsdam and Hawaii showed in a study that climate change caused shifts in the natural vegetation of the region, which allowed c. 40 bat species, carrying around 100 coronaviruses, to expand into newly suitable habitat. This process would have likely created new opportunities for viruses to be transmitted or evolve, potentially facilitating the eventual spill-over to humans. In this way, climate change may have played an important role in the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2.

Publications

Dynamic regimes of the Greenland Ice Sheet emerging from interacting melt-elevation and glacial i... Earth System DynamicsZeitz, Maria, Haacker, Jan M., Donges, Jonathan...
Capital markets and the costs of climate policiesEnvironmental Economics and Policy StudiesLeimbach, Marian, Bauer, Nicolas
A framework for ensemble modelling of climate change impacts on lakes worldwide: the ISIMIP Lake ... Geoscientific Model DevelopmentGolub, M., Thiery, W., Marcé, R., Pierson, D., ...
(Video) Paper Planes - a very short movie about climate, impact, research
Generalized Swing Equation and Transient Synchronous Stability With PLL-Based VSCIEEE Transactions on Energy ConversionMa, Rui , Li, Jinxin , Kurths, Jürgen, Cheng, S...
Wide range of possible aviation demand futures after the COVID-19 pandemicEnvironmental Research LettersFranz, Sebastian, Rottoli, Marianna, Bertram, C...
Landuse and landcover change assessment in the Upper Runde sub-catchment, Zimbabwe and possible i... Physics and Chemistry of the EarthKusena, Winmore, Chemura, Abel, Dube, Timothy, ...
Untangling the interactions among the Sustainable Development Goals in ChinaScience BulletinZhang, Junze, Wang, Shuai, Pradhan, Prajal, Zha...
Projected environmental benefits of replacing beef with microbial proteinNatureHumpenöder, Florian, Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon, W...
Shear-margin melting causes stronger transient ice discharge than ice-stream melting according to... The CryosphereFeldmann, Johannes, Reese, Ronja, Winkelmann, R...

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Aug 24, 2022 · Indiandailylive.Com (Online-Medien)

No rains, persistent heatwaves: Europe’s ‘worst drought in 500 years’, explained

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Aug 24, 2022 · Rnd Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland (Online-Medien)

Grüner Wasserstoff: Das Gas soll das fossile Zeitalter ablösen

(Video) Energy security crisis. Cost of living crisis. Climate Crisis. What's the way out?

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Aug 23, 2022 · Heute.At (Online-Medien)

Klimaforscher: "Wir steuern auf 3 Grad Erderwärmung zu"

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Aug 22, 2022 · Zeit Online (Online-Medien)

Mehrheit sieht bei Gas Sparanreiz trotz Steuersenkung

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Aug 22, 2022 · Märkische Allgemeine (Online-Medien)

Klimawandel oder Wetter: Warum sinken die Pegelstände in Brandenburg?

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Aug 21, 2022 · Waz - Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (Online-Medien)

Interview: Klimaökonom Edenhofer: „Wir laufen in eine Versorgungskrise“

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Projects (Selection)

Impact of intensified weather extremes on Europe's economy Read more
Überprüfung der Machbarkeit von terrestrischen CDR-Potenzialen unter sozio-ökologischen Randbedingungen Read more
CAScading Climate risks: towards ADaptive and resilient European Societies Read more
Climate Change and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa - CP2. Provision of climate and bio-physical forcing data for health ... Read more
Evidenzbasiertes Assessment für die Gestaltung der deutschen Energiewende (Kopernikus-Projekt Ariadne) Read more
East Africa Peru India Climate Capacities Read more
Food System Economics Commission Read more

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(Video) No going back? How climate change drives migration

(Video) Conversation of Change | Mohammed Mofizur Rahman, PIK-Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

Videos

1. Ice Age cycles: computer simulation of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
(Earth System Analysis - Potsdam Institute)
2. Youthinkgreen visits the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research PIK)
3. Rossby waves and extreme weather
(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research PIK)
4. COP26 Live – Interview with Johan Rockström, Director, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
(edie)
5. Johan Rockström, chef för Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
(KfS Dokumentation)
6. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK): Climate, Development and Decarbonization
(UNFCCC Climate Action Studio)

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