Weather in India, live, forecasts and averages (2023)

India lies in southern Asia and is currently the second most populated country in the world and steadfastly increasing in economic power, despite the high presence of severe poverty and malnutrition in parts.

In the south of India, you will find the Indian Ocean coast, in the west, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal lie in the East, together these 3 water masses make up 7517 kilometres of coastline.

The climate in India is predominately influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert which together drive the alternating monsoons which drive the weather changes in India.

India can basically be split up into 7 different climatic regions which play host to 4 different climates. As you move around India you will find a variety of weather conditions ranging from tropical wet to tropical dry and subtropical humid to montane.

Extending from 8 degrees north to 33 degrees north and with a wide variety of terrain, it is understandable why such a variety of weather conditions prevail. India is home to the highest mountain range in the world- the Himalayas, so here you will find permanent snowfields that are frozen year in year out. As you move south and head toward the tropical coastlands you will find conditions that are fairly typical of a tropical climate. In the vast plains of the Ganges valley, summers can get unbearably hot and even in the winter months the conditions stay fairly warm.

As a whole, India's climate is driven by the Asiatic Monsoon system which differs from any other weather system in the world in that the winds which determine the climate are ever changing from year to year, and there is no predictable weather pattern from year to year as the prevailing winds can change direction at any point in time.

JUNE to OCTOBER is when the south-west monsoon comes through India. In different parts of the country, the monsoon will come in at later periods, though on average it will hit in about June. During this time, in the mountains, very heavy rainfall is recorded.

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The NORTHERN MOUNTAINS, in the Himalayas and at the foothills, you will find rainfall throughout the entirety of the year and some light snowfall come the winter months. Here the South West monsoon burst comes in about July and will last through until October.

Winters in this region are pleasant and fairly cool at the low levels, though conditions increase in extremity as you move to higher elevations.

Weather in India, live, forecasts and averages (1)

An old white Buddhist stupa against the background of the snow-toppedHimalayas.

The NORTHERN PLAINS extend from Punjab through to the Ganges delta. This region is low lying and in parts of the west, the terrain and the weather verges on the desert like. Here, particularly in summer, the conditions are hot and somewhat uncomfortable. From March to June it is generally completely dry with no relief from the blistering heat.

When the 'monsoon bursts' (as they say in India) come July, there is little relief from the heat. While the temperature does drop slightly when the rains come, the increase in humidity makes the conditions just as unbearable as in the hottest months. As you move further east the rainfall begins to decrease and you hit more arid conditions, particularly west and North West of Delhi.

If taking a look at the lowlands a good comparison to make is between Calcutta, which lies in the west East and New Delhi which is located in the dry west.

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Calcutta is located in the east of Indian upon the east bank of the River Hooghly. In April and May, the average maximum is a blistering 36 degrees, and the minimum only falls to 24 and 25 degrees respectively come sundown. However, as Calcutta is 'cooled' by the presence of the Bay of Bengal, the temperatures here are actually quite a bit cooler than what the residents of New Delhi suffer through in the height of summer, before the onset of the south-west monsoon.

In May and June in New Delhi, the average maximums sit at 41 and 39 degrees respectively. In May on 13 mm of rain falls, on average (see here for rainfall chart for New Delhi) so there is very little relief from the heat. In June rainfall picks up to 74mm, before peaking at 180mm by July.

If you compare this rainfall to Calcutta in the wetter east coast, May sees rainfall of 140 mm, June picks up to 297mm on average for the month before seeing over 300mm monthly throughout July and August. See here for average rainfall in Calcutta.

New Delhi sees slighter more hours of daily sunlight than Calcutta, however, while temperatures across the year are much higher in the west, the humidity in Calcutta in the east is considerably higher.

THE WEST COAST

Here you will find a narrow coastal plain which has the steep Western Ghats mountains rising behind the plain. Here rainfall is abundant and can be quite heavy at times, particularly during the south-west monsoon.

Mumbai (formerly Bombay) is located in this region, and conditions here are fairly indicative of what weather prevails at sea level. The weather in Mumbai is tropical and is home to two seasons- both of which are fairly enjoyable. Mumbai is known for its high standard of living and business opportunities, as well as being the homeland for 'Bollywood' – the Hindi film and television industry. Mumbai attracts immigrants from all over India as well as the world, so as a result, it is an interesting and multicultural city.

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The humid season in Mumbai is between March and October and is characterized by high humidity and temperatures over 30 °C. The average high during April, May and June is 32- 33 degrees and the minimum only falls to 26-27 degrees. Rainfall is at its highest during June and July, particularly in July when average precipitation for the month is an astounding 617 mm! This is as a result of the monsoon rains which from June to September lash the city and result in most of the city's annual rainfall- 2,200 millimetres. On the 26th of July 2005, the highest ever rainfall recorded in a single day fell when an astonishing was 944 mm in a single 24 hour period.

The dry season in Mumbai, typically from November to February, sees moderate humidity and warm to cool weather. From January to February, cold northerly winds bring a mild chill through the area. Average minimums during this time are still a pleasant 19 degrees, maximums sit at about 29 degrees and rainfall is only about 2.5mm per month. Daily sunshine during this time is about 9 to 10 hours, which is a stark contrast from the 2 to 3 hours of sunlight during the cloudy months of July and August!

Weather in India, live, forecasts and averages (2)

Gate of India and hotel Taj Mahal Palace in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India.

THE RAJASTHAN DESERT is dry and, well, desert-like. In almost all parts of this region rainfall is below 500mm annually and in some parts no more than 250mm of rain will fall in an entire year. In the hottest time of the year, from May to July, this region is in fact one of the most excruciatingly hot places in the whole world. Even when the south-west monsoon comes there is little temperature difference and instead, it brings high humidity which makes for very oppressive conditions- particularly in July, August and September.

Weather in India, live, forecasts and averages (3)

Two Indian cameleers in theRajasthan Desert, India.

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THE SOUTHEASTERN COASTLANDS don't witness their main rainfall until well into October, and they last through until December. This region is prone to tropical storms and cyclones that develop over the Bay of Bengal. Like many places in India when the south-west monsoon bursts, temperature and humidity increases and light clothes are a most in order to stay comfortable in the unpleasant conditions.

The southern coast was hit by the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami which killed 10,136 people across the country- with hundreds of thousands left homeless. In Tamil Nadu which is on the eastern coast, 7,960 alone were killed and 500, 000 were evacuated from the area.

The tsunami was triggered by an underwater near the Indonesian island of Sumatra which registered 9.0 in moment magnitude, making itthe biggestearthquake in four decades.

The ASSAM region, in the very northeast, is almost completely detached from India by Bangladesh. The conditions for Dhubri are the more representative of what weather prevails in the lowlands here.

It is cooler here than in other parts of India, in the hottest months of May to September the average maximum sits at about 30 degrees, though humidity can be quite uncomfortable during this time- particularly in the mornings when average relative humidity is about 90%! June is the wettest month, averaging 605mm of precipitation. Which falls across 18 days of the month. December, January and February average only 1 (if that) days of rain for the month and less than 10mm of rain will fall across each month.

Weather in India, live, forecasts and averages (4)

Goa, South West India.

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FAQs

What is the average temperature of India 2022? ›

Temperature in India is expected to reach 24.46 celsius by the end of 2022, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. In the long-term, the India Average Temperature is projected to trend around 24.46 celsius in 2023, according to our econometric models.

What will be the highest temperature this summer 2022 in India? ›

Rajasthan's Ganganagar and Bramhapuri in Maharashtra recorded the highest maximum temperature at 46.2°C. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Wednesday released a list of cities which recorded the maximum temperature in the country.

What kind of climate is present in this part of India? ›

The climate of India is described as the 'monsoon' type. This type of climate is found mainly in the South and the Southeast Asia. Despite an overall unity in the general pattern, there are perceptible regional variations in climatic conditions within the country. Was this answer helpful?

Which weather is best in India? ›

The best time to visit India is between October and March, when the weather is more likely to be warm, sunny, and dry. During this time, the north offers clear blue skies. However, December and January are much cooler, with potential fog, while the higher Himalaya can be very cold, but with clearer mountain views.

Will 2022 be the hottest year yet? ›

While it seems very unlikely that 2022 will be a record warm year for the world as a whole, it still may have many more regional climate extremes in store.

Will 2022 will be the hottest year? ›

The global mean temperature in 2022 is currently estimated to be about 1.15 [1.02 to 1.28] °C above the 1850-1900 pre-industrial average. A rare triple-dip cooling La Niña means that 2022 is likely to “only” be fifth or sixth warmest.

Is there a heatwave in India 2022? ›

The heatwave strongly impacted agriculture in India. At the same time early rainfall in India was 71% lower than the norm. In Punjab, the main crop producer in India, 15% of the harvest was lost and in some regions even 30%.

Is 2022 the hottest year in India? ›

NEW DELHI: India reported one of the hottest summers in 2022 recording 203 heatwave days, which was the highest in the recent past.

What will be the hottest day in 2022? ›

07/20/2022: The hottest day of the year.

What is the coldest month in India? ›

The cold weather season in India starts mid-November. December and January are the coldest months in Northern India.

Which month is hottest in India? ›

In western and southern regions, the hottest month is April and the beginning of May and for northern regions of India, May is the hottest Month. In May, Temperatures average around 32–40 °C (90–104 °F) in most of the interior. Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September.

Does India have 4 seasons? ›

These seasons include Vasant Ritu (Spring), Grishma Ritu (Summer), Varsha Ritu (Monsoon), Sharad Ritu (Autumn), Hemant Ritu (Pre-Winter) and Shishir Ritu (Winter). However, as per the India Meteorological Department (IMD), there are four seasons in India like other parts of the world.

Which city in India has best climate? ›

5 best cities to live in based on pleasant weather conditions
  1. Pune. Pune is the second most popular district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ...
  2. Belgaum. Located in the Western Ghats, the Belgaum city of Karnataka. ...
  3. Bangalore. ...
  4. Hyderabad. ...
  5. Chandigarh.
11 May 2022

Which is warmest city in India? ›

Titlagarh. Titlagarh, in the state of Odisha, is the hottest spot in India, especially in the summer. It is quite difficult for individuals to leave their houses throughout the day since the town's temperature soars to 43 degrees Celsius.

Which place is coldest in India? ›

Drass, Jammu and Kashmir

Situated at an elevation of 3350 m, Drass is the coldest place in India and second to the coldest inhabited region on Earth. The average temperature during winter season goes down to -23 ºC.

Will we have a good summer 2022? ›

On average, we're predicting summer temperatures to be hotter than normal across most of the country, ranging from the Atlantic Corridor south to Florida, across to the West Coast, and almost everywhere in between.

What summer 2022 looks like? ›

The transition from spring to summer will be stormy in many areas of the United States, especially along the East Coast and Great Lakes regions, where we are predicting some big thunderstorms. During the middle to latter part of July (Dog Days of Summer), most of the nation will experience brutally hot conditions.

Why is there a heatwave 2022? ›

India Heatwave Breaks Temperature Records. The average maximum temperature across India in March 2022 was 33.1˚C. Experts say climate change is to blame.

How hot will the Earth be in 2030? ›

AUnderstanding Global Warming of 1.5°C*

warming above pre-industrial levels, with a likely range of 0.8°C to 1.2°C. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate.

Why is it so hot in India right now 2022? ›

Soumya Sarkar. India reported record temperatures in March 2022, making it the hottest in 122 years since records began. Scientists say the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is contributing to India's increased temperatures.

How hot is the Earth in 2022? ›

Per NOAA's data, 2022 has been the sixth-warmest year on record from January through August, with a global average temperature 1.55 degrees higher than the 20th-century average. Of the annual records, 2016 remains the warmest, but there is a less than 0.1 percent chance that 2022 manages to exceed that warmth.

Is India getting too hot? ›

These studies reflect that the country has been getting warmer continuously, consistently and rapidly. Estimates suggest that there have been over 22,000 heat-related fatalities in India since 1992. India suffers from major heatwaves during March-June each year as witnessed over the recent past.

What is the hottest day in May 2022? ›

With a high temperature of 96°F on May 12, this tied May 27, 1874, May 19, 1934, & May 29, 2018, for the 5th warmest high during the month of May.

What is the hottest day ever recorded in India? ›

Asia
Country/RegionTemperatureDate
Hong Kong39.0 °C (102.2 °F)22 August 2017 24 July 2022
India51.0 °C (123.8 °F)19 May 2016
Indonesia40.6 °C (105.1 °F)16 August 1997
Iran54.0 °C (129.2 °F)29 June 2017
35 more rows

Why India is becoming hotter? ›

Scientists say the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is contributing to India's increased temperatures. Extreme heat disproportionately affects the poor and marginalized, who often have labour-intensive jobs that require long hours in the heat.

Is global warming affecting India? ›

First, large parts of India suffered an unprecedented heat wave. Then, some regions saw massive floods because of early monsoons even as large rice producing states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal experienced a drought and the Kharif harvest could not be sowed in time.

How hot will it be in 2050? ›

Highs could approach 40 degrees Celsius (around 104 degrees Fahrenheit) for the first time – a prediction that prompted meteorologists there to issue a “red” heat warning for the first time ever. To be clear, this would be truly record-breaking heat.

Why was 1936 so hot? ›

The climate of that region took on desert qualities, accentuating its capacity to produce heat. A strong ridge of high pressure set up over the west coast and funneled the heat northward across the Upper Midwest and Great Lakes.

What is the hottest place on earth? ›

Death Valley holds the record for the highest air temperature on the planet: On 10 July 1913, temperatures at the aptly named Furnace Creek area in the California desert reached a blistering 56.7°C (134.1°F). Average summer temperatures, meanwhile, often rise above 45°C (113°F).

What is the coldest day of the year 2022? ›

January 22, 2022 - To give you a better idea of the coldest time of year, on average, for your area, NCEI has created “Coldest Day of the Year” maps for the contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.

Why is India so cold now? ›

The wind that arrives in Asia is also heavily leaden in moisture, courtesy the warming effect of El Niño in the first half of the event. This causes heavy rainfall and snowfall during winter season in India. All of this means a colder winter than usual. But that's not it.

Does India get snow? ›

In states like Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand, snowfall can be witnessed in the winter season in India.

What are the best months to travel to India? ›

The best time to visit India is in the winter, from December until early March. The whole country tends to get very hot from April onwards and most regions experience the summer monsoon in at least June, July, August and September.

Which part of India is very hot? ›

Sri Ganganagar: The Hottest Place in India

This city is located in the largest state of India, Rajasthan, at an elevation of 178 meters has the highest temperature in India. The highest temperature recorded here till date is 50 degrees Celsius.

Why is India so hot country? ›

The main reason for the scorching heat in the northern parts of the country is lack of rainfall. Usually, periods of high temperature are punctuated by periodic episodes of rain but this was largely absent during March and April.

Which side of India is the hottest? ›

>>Which part of India is the hottest?
...
  • Part of India that experiences the highest diurnal range of temperature is Thar Desert. ...
  • The region is filled with sand which gets heated up quickly during day and cooled up very quickly during nights.
  • There is no sea closer to this area and hence there is no moderating effect.

Does India have 7 seasons? ›

In India, summer, winter, and the rainy season are considered to be the main seasons. We also divide the year into six seasons, namely, vasant, grishma, varsha, sharad, hemant and shishir.

Why North India is so hot? ›

During the summer months, the highlands in north India prevent the incursion of any cold air from the higher latitudes. Therefore, dusty, hot and dry winds blow over the northwestern region and the Indo-Gangetic Plains, making these regions vulnerable to frequent heatwaves.

Why Delhi is so cold? ›

Although daytime temperatures are warm, Delhi's proximity to the Himalayas results in cold waves leading to lower apparent temperature due to wind chill.

What is the nicest place to live in India? ›

8 best cities in India to live and work
  • Best cities to live in India: Mumbai.
  • Best cities to live in India: Bengaluru.
  • Best cities to live in India: Pune.
  • Best cities to live in India: Kolkata.
  • Best cities to live in India: Navi Mumbai.
  • Best cities to live in India: Surat.
  • Best cities to live in India: Chennai.
22 Nov 2022

Which is the safest city to live in India? ›

The 2021 CII report gives crime rates for 19 of India's metropolitan cities. The numbers show that Kolkata is the safest city in the country and Delhi is the city with the highest crime after adjusting for population.

Which state in India has the best climate? ›

Without further ado, let's take a look at the list of the best weather cities in India.
  • Thekkady.
  • Bangalore.
  • Hyderabad.
  • Nainital.
  • Mysore.
  • Srinagar.
  • Shimla.
  • Nashik.
9 Oct 2019

Is India the hottest country in the world? ›

Mali is the hottest country in the world, with an average yearly temperature of 83.89°F (28.83°C).

What are the top 5 hottest places in India? ›

Some of the famous hottest cities of India are Delhi and Agra, where the highest temperature can record as high as 43°C. Places in Rajasthan like Churu make it top with a record 50°C during summer. Pilani and Rohtak are also considered very hot during the summers when temperature reaches a peak of around 47°C.

Where does it snow the most in India? ›

With an elevation of 2,720 metres, Kufri witnesses the most snowfall in India. Also known as Shimla's snow point, Kufri is paradisical when it snows and is one of the best places to visit in November in India to witness the most beautiful snowfall.

What is the coldest place in Asia? ›

Verkhoyansk, Russia

What is the average temp in India? ›

The climate in India is very warm, with an annual average of 32 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 28 degrees.

What is the average temperature on Earth in 2022? ›

The year to date | January through June

The first half of 2022 ranked sixth warmest on record, with a global temperature of 1.53 degrees F (0.85 of a degree C) above the 20th-century average of 56.3 degrees F (13.5 degrees C).

What is the average temperature range of India? ›

Temperatures typically range from–2 °C to 40 °C, but can reach 47 °C (117 °F) in summer and −4 °C in winter. Most part of the nation doesn't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) even in winter.

Which month is coldest in India? ›

The cold weather season in India starts mid-November. December and January are the coldest months in Northern India.

Which year is hottest in India? ›

"The year 2021 was the fifth warmest year after 2016, 2009, 2017 and 2010 since 1901.

What is heatwave 2022? ›

In early September 2022, a long-lasting heat dome settled over the U.S. West and brought scorching temperatures that set all-time record highs. The extreme heat fueled wildfires and stressed the power grid before an eastern Pacific tropical storm moved into the region and broke the warm spell.

How hot will the world be in 2030? ›

AUnderstanding Global Warming of 1.5°C*

warming above pre-industrial levels, with a likely range of 0.8°C to 1.2°C. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate.

How hot will it be this summer 2022? ›

On average, we're predicting summer temperatures to be hotter than normal across most of the country, ranging from the Atlantic Corridor south to Florida, across to the West Coast, and almost everywhere in between.

How hot will the world be in 2050? ›

Global temperature is projected to warm by about 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7° degrees Fahrenheit) by 2050 and 2-4 degrees Celsius (3.6-7.2 degrees Fahrenheit) by 2100.

What is the hottest part of India? ›

Titlagarh. Titlagarh, in the state of Odisha, is the hottest spot in India, especially in the summer. It is quite difficult for individuals to leave their houses throughout the day since the town's temperature soars to 43 degrees Celsius.

What is the best time to visit India? ›

The best time to visit India is in the winter, from December until early March. The whole country tends to get very hot from April onwards and most regions experience the summer monsoon in at least June, July, August and September.

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